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What is stock market in India

Updated: Jan 19, 2023

The stock market is a financial market place where stocks of publicly traded companies are bought and sold. The stock market in India, also known as the Indian share market, refers to the two stock exchanges in India: the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) and the National Stock Exchange (NSE).


These exchanges provide a platform for buying and selling shares of publicly traded companies in India. The NSE and BSE are among the largest stock exchanges in Asia by market capitalization. The NSE was established in 1992 and is based in Mumbai, while the BSE, established in 1875, is the oldest stock exchange in Asia and is based in Mumbai as well.


The Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) is the regulator of the securities market in India, including the stock market.




There are several roles in the stock market, including:

  1. Stockbroker: They buy and sell stocks on behalf of clients.

  2. Investment Banker: They help companies raise capital by issuing and selling securities.

  3. Financial Analyst: They analyze financial information to make investment recommendations.

  4. Trader: They buy and sell stocks, bonds, and other securities on behalf of their firm or clients.

  5. Portfolio Manager: They oversee a group of investments for a company or individual.

  6. Research Analyst: They research and analyze companies, industries, and markets to make investment recommendations.

  7. Risk Manager: They identify, assess, and manage risks associated with investments.

  8. Compliance Officer: They ensure that the company complies with laws and regulations related to the securities industry.

  9. Economist: They use economic theory and data to make predictions about the stock market and the economy as a whole.

  10. Stock exchange operator: They operates stock market that matches buyers and sellers and facilitates transactions.


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